History of the Federal TRiO Programs
The history of TRiO is progressive. It began with Upward Bound, which emerged out of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 in response to the administration’s War on Poverty. In 1965, Talent Search, the second outreach program, was created as part of the Higher Education Act. In 1968, Student Support Services was authorized by the Higher Education Amendments and became the third in a series of educational opportunity programs. By the late 1960’s, the term “TRiO” was coined to describe these federal programs.
Over the years, the TRiO Programs have been expanded and improved to provide a wider range of services and to reach more student who need assistance. The Higher Education Amendments of 1972 added the fourth program to the TRiO group by authorizing the Educational Opportunity Centers. The 1976 Education Amendments authorized the Training Program for Federal TRiO Programs. Amendments in 1986 added the sixth program, the Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievements Program. Additionally, in 1990, the Department created the Upward Bound Math / Science program to address the need for specific instruction in the fields of math and science.
Upward Bound Programs at CSU, Chico
Upward Bound Original
The Original Upward Bound Project at California State University, Chico was first funded in 1966 to serve 50 students. It is one of the oldest and most respected programs in the nation and it is the longest running grant on the Chico campus. The program has grown to serve 125 students annually in seven North State High Schools.
Upward Bound II
CSU, Chico was awarded a second Upward Bound program in 1996 to serve a distinct English-as-a-second-language population. In 2012 this program was renamed Upward Bound II. The change was made to extend our services to a larger student population, while still continuing to serve the ESL population. Originally serving 67 students, Upward Bound II will now serve 76 students from Butte, Colusa, Tehama and Yuba counties.
Upward Bound Math Science
In 2003, Chico was awarded a third Upward Bound in the form of a Math Science program. In fact it was one of only six newly funded programs in the nation. The program is designed to strengthen the math and science skills of participating juniors and seniors. The goal of the program is to help participants recognize and develop their potential to excel in math and science and encourages them to pursue post-secondary degrees in these fields. Math and Science Upward Bound currently serves 56 participants annually in seven high schools in four Northern California counties: Butte, Colusa, Glenn, and Sutter.
Upward Bound STEM
In 2013, Chico was awarded a fourth Upward Bound in the form of a STEM program.